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miscellaneous articles, papers and letters.


G. J. Holyoake

BORN APRIL 13TH, 1817.

ANOTHER voice is hushed in death; we mourn
    A leader fallen in the fight to-day;
One more great soul has passed the mystic bourne,
    From whence no traveller returns to say
What lies beyond our ken; but this we feel —
    That, if there be an after life at all,
Where good and ill work out man's final weal,
    His portion with the best must surely fall.
If heaven is made for those who love to serve,
    And give their best to cause the best to be,
And never from stern duty's pathway swerve,
    High place must there be found for such as he.
For he, all through his useful, strenuous life,
Has toiled to bless his fellows in the strife.

Not what a man believes, but what he does,
    Decides his future destiny; he stands
Or falls, is judged by deeds; and thus
    We build our heaven or hell with our own hands.
Our friend built wisely, for he loved the truth,
    And loved his fellow-men with all his heart;
All through his long career, from early youth,
    By voice and pen he's ta'en the worker's part;
Mere sordid ends his generous mind abhorred,
    High, noble aims held sway within his breast;
Unmoved by hopes and fears the creeds afford,
    He strove to help the suffering and oppress'd;
And fought for liberty, and truth, and right —
Heaven rest his soul in the Eternal Light.

David Lawton


Down With The Tyrants (with hints what to do with them).  From The Friend Of The People, 14 Dec., 1850

Two papers presented by Holyoake at the Sheffield meeting of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, 1865:

The Working Man's Food and Drink Adulterations: The Commonwealth, 6 October, 1866.  See the many references to food adulteration within the various co-operative histories, e.g.

". . . . there was something unobserved stirring—it was adulteration.  Dr. Adam Clarke, in a long-remembered phrase, said, "Leeds was the Garden of the Lord."  But, alas, in those days no trading conscience grew among the plants of that garden, and millers sold flour which would give a boa constrictor indigestion and reduce him to ribs and skin.  Before the days of co-operative stores the poor man's stomach was the waste-paper basket of the State, into which everything was thrown which the well-to-do classes could not or would not eat. — History of the Leeds Co-operative Society.

Benefits of Co-operation.  From the Manufacturer and Builder, New York, January 1880.

A Stranger in America.  Holyoake's interesting period reflections of a visit to the USA and Canada.  From Littell's Living Age, (republished from The Nineteenth Century) August 17, 1880.

G. J. Holyoake. Two contrasting opinions:—

Co-operation: meeting of the Homestead Association—Address by G. J. Holyoake of London—Annual Report; Sept. 11, 1879.

George Eliot: George Jacob Holyoake's Reminiscences of the Novelist, Feb. 6, 1881.

A Pleasant Chat with the Great English Secularist: 'a Retrospect of What George Jacob Holyoake has Done for the Working Classes—His Second Visit to America and his Reasons for Making it—What he Thinks and Says of us—His Object in the United States—Recognition of his Services by the British Government and people—The trades Unions—Co-operation, not Communism.'  From the Brooklyn Eagle, Sept. 3, 1882.

Mr. Holyoake's Visit: from the Brooklyn Eagle, Sept. 3, 1882.

The Demand for Workmen's Trains - The Times.

Obituary: The Times, Tuesday 23 January, 1906, with accompanying reports in the same edition of Holyoake's funeral and memorial services.




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